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David Tarazona

Bogotá, Colombia
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About David
I'm a journalist based in Bogotá, Colombia with three years of experience in broadcast and investigative journalism. You can watch some of my TV pieces on these links: 

1. Regresaron a la zona de tragedia - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qj-k8kg3RSE

2. Fiscal de fiscales en aprietos por correos agresivos a columnista - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3Qd5blIf78

3. Falcon Farms en deuda con el Estado y trabajadores - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DgwYNGXGPTk

4. Clinton perdonó crímenes a fundador de Glencore - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_oIlMURjGs

5. Aguapanelas internacional o como el ex jefe de seguridad del presidente Uribe se enriqueció antes de ser enjuiciado por Estados Unidos - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WhHqIAPilRU

6. Genocidio indígena cumple 100 años sin reparación - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F5KPjxhGJWk

And here some written pieces:

1. BEI: Pérdida de tierras ancestrales en Kenia - La Marea (España) - 2017 -https://www.lamarea.com/2017/08/11/b/

2. -THE EUROPEAN INVESTMENT BANK: AFRICA'S DISCREET FINANCIER - 2017 - https://www.eibinafrica.eu/

3. Preserving traditions without harming the girls ******
English Spanish
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In Colombia, a New President Faces Old Environmental Challenges

10 May 2024  |  www.rsn.org
Colombia's new president, Gustavo Petro, inherits significant environmental challenges from his predecessor, Iván Duque, including high rates of deforestation and inadequate protection of natural areas. Despite Duque's efforts, such as planting 143 million trees and launching Operation Artemisa, experts and former officials criticize the effectiveness and impact of these policies. The Duque administration's anti-deforestation measures and protection of marine and terrestrial areas are questioned, with claims that many protections exist only on paper. The Petro government is expected to address these issues, with a focus on protecting environmental defenders, combating illegal mining, and improving the management of protected areas. Indigenous communities, recognized as key environmental protectors, seek better engagement and protection strategies from the new government.

Operation Artemis: Colombia’s failed military operation to stop deforestation

04 Apr 2024  |  news.mongabay.com
Operation Artemis, launched by the Colombian government in 2019 to combat deforestation, has been deemed a failure. Despite substantial investment and military deployment, the operation only tackled 3% of the total deforested areas in Colombia's national parks over two years. The campaign led to the capture of 113 people and destruction of infrastructure, but deforestation rates continued to rise. Experts and community members criticized the operation for its ineffectiveness, lack of transparency, and human rights violations. The current administration under President Gustavo Petro has decided to shift the focus of the operation to address social, economic, and productive aspects for communities.

Venezuela has lost more than one million hectares of forests and savannas in just two decades | REPORT

04 Apr 2024  |  es.mongabay.com
Venezuela has lost over 790,500 hectares of forest and 290,000 hectares of natural savannas between 2000 and 2020, primarily due to agricultural expansion, mining, and infrastructure development. The deforestation rate has accelerated since the creation of the Arco Minero by President Nicolás Maduro's government, with an annual expansion rate exceeding 75,000 hectares. The report by SOS Orinoco and Clima21, based on satellite imagery, projects that if current trends continue, the loss could reach 1.5 million hectares by 2030. Illegal mining, particularly in the Amazonian states of Bolívar and Amazonas, has been identified as a major driver of deforestation, affecting indigenous communities and biodiversity. The Venezuelan military's operations against illegal mining and their reforestation efforts have been criticized as ineffective and superficial. The lack of official data on deforestation and mercury contamination is also highlighted, with calls for regional and international cooperation to address these issues.

Colombia: Awa people sue Ecopetrol and the State for not remedying oil spills

29 Mar 2024  |  es.mongabay.com
Indigenous Awa leaders from Nariño, Colombia, have sued the semi-state oil company Ecopetrol and its subsidiary Cenit, along with public entities ANLA and Corponariño, demanding a halt to oil spills and restoration of ecosystems affected by leaks from the Transandino Pipeline. Despite a judge rejecting their initial legal action, the Awa nation is appealing and may take their case to the Constitutional Court. The pipeline, owned by Ecopetrol and operated by Cenit, has had over 447 spills since 2014, with actual numbers likely higher since incidents began in 2009. The spills have contaminated water sources and sacred territories, affecting the Awa's access to water and food. Ecopetrol denies responsibility, blaming illegal armed groups for the spills and valve installations. The Awa are seeking environmental remediation, health studies, and the development of productive projects to sustain them amidst ongoing oil damage.

Owls, reptiles and wild rodents: wildlife affected by forest fires in Colombia

07 Feb 2024  |  es.mongabay.com
Wildlife in Colombia has been severely affected by forest fires, particularly in the regions of Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Santander, and Norte de Santander. Over 60 hectares in Bogotá and nearly 1400 hectares in Cundinamarca were burned. The fires also damaged national parks, including El Tuparro and El Cocuy. Environmental officials and veterinarians have been rescuing and treating injured wildlife and domestic animals. The Ministry of Environment has issued guidelines for animal management during fires. Species such as owls, lizards, and rodents have been rescued in Bogotá, while in Cundinamarca, some animals received veterinary care but not all survived. In Santander, a porcupine and two opossums were treated, and a harlequin frog was returned to its habitat. The fires have led to a significant loss of biodiversity, particularly affecting the páramo ecosystem, which is crucial for water supply. National parks have temporarily closed some areas to assess and manage the fire damage.

Colombia: new report reveals that more than 58,000 indigenous people were victims of violence in 2023

01 Feb 2024  |  es.mongabay.com
In 2023, over 58,000 indigenous people in Colombia were victims of violence, with significant impacts from armed groups, illegal mining, and coca cultivation. The Organización Nacional Indígena de Colombia (ONIC) and Indepaz report that 23,570 were affected by confinements, 3,022 by attacks, 634 by threats, and 45 were killed. The violence is exacerbated by the presence of the Ejército de Liberación Nacional, Fuerza Pública, and FARC dissidents. Indigenous leaders are particularly targeted, with 37 killed in 2023. The regions most affected include Putumayo, Chocó, Cauca, and the Amazon. The violence is linked to impunity, with investigations rarely reaching intellectual authors. The situation remains critical, with ongoing threats and violence against indigenous communities and leaders.

Colombian Amazon park rangers face violence, threats by illegal armed groups

01 Dec 2023  |  Mongabay Environmental News
Park rangers in the Colombian Amazon face severe threats and violence from illegal armed groups, significantly hindering their ability to protect the region's biodiversity. The presence of FARC dissidents and other armed groups has led to increased deforestation and illegal activities, including drug trafficking and illegal mining. Despite efforts like Operation Artemis, the safety of park rangers remains compromised, with many areas becoming inaccessible. The article highlights the need for better governance, increased funding, and effective control measures to address these challenges and protect the Amazon's critical ecosystems.

Venezuela: Drought accelerates the development cycle of harpy eagles | INTERVIEW

01 Dec 2023  |  es.mongabay.com
The harpy eagle, classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN, may see population growth in Venezuela due to accelerated development cycles linked to drought conditions in the Amazon region. Alexander Blanco, director of Venezuela's national harpy eagle conservation program and a 2017 Whitley Award winner, notes that the species is reaching adulthood faster, with some fledglings flying at three months. Despite potential population increases, threats from mining and deforestation due to agricultural expansion persist. Venezuela is home to approximately 1,500 harpy eagle pairs, with the Imataca Forest Reserve being a key habitat. Conservation efforts face challenges from human activities, including illegal trafficking, and lack of state support, but have seen some success with community engagement and sustainable practices.

The Amazon region lost one million hectares of freshwater surface in ten years

01 Nov 2023  |  es.mongabay.com
A study by the Red Amazónica de Información Socioambiental Georreferenciada (RAISG) reveals that the Amazon region lost one million hectares of freshwater surface between 2013 and 2022, representing a 4% reduction. Colombia experienced the highest loss, followed by Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, and Ecuador. The study highlights the impact of human activities such as deforestation and climate change on water surface reduction. Experts warn of the potential disappearance of glaciers in the region, which could have severe consequences for local communities and ecosystems.

Park Rangers Displaced and 14 Protected Areas Disputed by Illegal Armed Groups in Colombia

01 Oct 2023  |  www.eldiarioar.com
Illegal armed groups in Colombia have displaced park rangers and are disputing control over 14 protected areas in the Amazon. The violence and threats from groups like the FARC and Comandos de Frontera have made it impossible for park rangers to monitor these areas effectively, leading to significant deforestation. The situation has worsened since the 2016 Peace Agreement, with illegal activities such as mining and coca cultivation increasing. Experts argue that the lack of governance and insufficient budget for environmental protection are major challenges. The article underscores the urgent need for effective measures to protect both the biodiversity and the lives of those working in these areas.

Ecuador: environmental and indigenous defenders question military operation against illegal mining in the Amazon

26 May 2023  |  es.mongabay.com
Environmental and indigenous defenders in Ecuador question the effectiveness of a recent military operation against illegal mining in the Amazon. Despite the intervention, only a small number of machines were destroyed, and many miners managed to evade capture, suggesting a possible information leak. The operation, involving 1500 police and military personnel, was criticized for its limited impact. The article highlights the ongoing environmental devastation and threats faced by local communities, emphasizing the need for more effective measures and better protection for indigenous lands.

Colombia: possible opening of coal mines would double methane emissions from the sector | STUDY

16 May 2023  |  es.mongabay.com
The potential opening of three new coal mines and the resumption of an old project in Colombia could significantly increase methane emissions, contradicting the country's climate goals. The Global Energy Monitor report highlights that these projects could add 216,000 tons of methane emissions annually. Despite President Gustavo Petro's opposition to coal mining, the Turkish company Yildirim and Prodeco, a subsidiary of Glencore, are pushing forward with their projects, facing legal and community consent challenges. Experts stress the environmental and social impacts, including water contamination and agricultural disruption. The International Energy Agency and OECD recommend reducing coal dependency to mitigate climate change. The Colombian government faces pressure to balance economic interests with environmental responsibilities.

We need binding rules like the European Union's to ensure deforestation-free production

01 May 2023  |  es.mongabay.com
The European Union is set to implement a new law prohibiting the import of products linked to deforestation, requiring importers to provide detailed information on the origin and traceability of goods such as soy, beef, rubber, cocoa, and coffee. This legislation, approved by the European Parliament and awaiting final approval from the European Council, aims to reduce the EU's environmental footprint and ensure compliance with labor and human rights standards. The law will significantly impact Latin American countries like Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, and Honduras, which export these products to the EU. Human Rights Watch supports the law, emphasizing the need for binding regulations to prevent deforestation and protect indigenous rights. The effectiveness of the law will depend on the resources allocated for its implementation and the cooperation between the EU and exporting countries.

How close could the eruption of Nevado del Ruiz be?

25 Apr 2023  |  Las2orillas
In 1985, the eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano caused the Armero tragedy, affecting the departments of Caldas and Tolima and resulting in over 23,000 deaths. Since March 2023, volcanic activity has increased, prompting Colombia to raise the alert level to orange on March 31, indicating a potential eruption in the coming days or weeks. The government has established a unified command post to monitor the situation and has announced plans to evacuate over 40 families, with 2,000 families still in high-risk areas. Vulcanologist Natalia Pardo from the University of the Andes in Bogotá explains the behavior of the volcano, the likelihood of an eruption, and the nature of volcanic eruptions and ash. The magma is currently four kilometers from the crater's surface, and the volcano has reached 10,000 earthquakes per day, indicating magma movement.

Colombia: the threat of eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano explained by a volcanologist | INTERVIEW

02 Apr 2023  |  es.mongabay.com
In 1985, the eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano in Colombia caused a devastating tragedy in Armero, killing over 23,000 people. Recent volcanic activity has raised alerts from yellow to orange, indicating a potential eruption in the coming days or weeks. The Colombian government has established a unified command post to monitor the situation and has begun preventive evacuations. Volcanologist Natalia Pardo explains the current state of the volcano, the types of eruptions it may produce, and the importance of risk management and preparedness. Despite advancements in monitoring and emergency response, challenges remain in ensuring the safety and economic stability of affected communities.

Order to destroy machinery used for illegal mining: The trigger for chaos in Bajo Cauca

29 Mar 2023  |  las2orillas.co
The Colombian government's decision to destroy machinery used in illegal mining in Bajo Cauca, Antioquia, led to a regional strike and confrontations with the Clan del Golfo, which profits from narcotics and illegal gold mining. The strike, which began on March 2, 2023, involved blockades that lasted at least eleven days. Negotiations between miners and the government are ongoing, with the government insisting on the destruction of mining machinery. The government has disabled 951 illegal mines since August 2022 and is working on formalizing mining activities while addressing environmental impacts. Experts emphasize the complexity of the issue, the need for a comprehensive policy, and the challenges of ecosystem restoration.

Colombia: Inga people celebrate the departure of an oil company from their territory but fear not being consulted on future projects

14 Feb 2023  |  es.mongabay.com
The Inga people of Villagarzón, Colombia, are celebrating the withdrawal of the oil company Gran Tierra from their territory. The company had been granted a license for the APE La Cabaña project in 2014 without proper consultation with the indigenous communities. Legal challenges by the Inga led to the recognition of their presence and the suspension of the project. Despite the company's departure, concerns remain about the lack of consultation for future projects and the environmental impact of the oil exploration. The Inga, supported by legal advisors and organizations like Ambiente y Sociedad, continue to fight for the recognition of their rights and the remediation of their territory.

Venezuela: the year 2023 began with oil spills in Lake Maracaibo

07 Jan 2023  |  es.mongabay.com
An oil spill in Lake Maracaibo marked the beginning of 2023 in Venezuela, exacerbating long-standing environmental issues. Experts attribute the frequent spills to PDVSA's neglect of pipeline maintenance since 2016, worsened by the Venezuelan government's inaction. The spills threaten the lake's unique estuarine ecosystem, home to numerous endemic species. Despite having the necessary tools to control the spills, the lack of political will and outdated contingency plans hinder effective action. The article calls for a return to democracy and stronger institutions to address the crisis.

In Colombia, a new president faces old environmental challenges

01 Oct 2022  |  Mongabay Environmental News
Colombia's new president, Gustavo Petro, faces significant environmental challenges, including deforestation, illegal mining, and the protection of Indigenous rights. The previous administration under Iván Duque is criticized for its ineffective deforestation policies and human rights issues. Experts and organizations emphasize the need for better coordination with Indigenous communities and more effective anti-deforestation measures. The Petro government is seen as having potential to address these issues, with early positive steps such as the approval of the Escazú Agreement and initiatives to protect environmental defenders.

Colombia: What does the ruling that restricts mining in areas of environmental importance imply?

02 Sep 2022  |  es.mongabay.com
The Colombian State Council ruled in favor of a public action demanding stricter mining regulations, particularly in environmentally sensitive areas. The ruling includes eight orders for the state, emphasizing the need for the Ministries of Environment and Mines to coordinate on mining titles to protect ecosystems. The ruling also mandates the creation of a system to visualize Colombian territory for better case-by-case analysis. The compliance with this ruling falls under the oversight of the Comptroller's Office and the Attorney General's Office. The ruling does not prohibit mining title requests or exploitation but requires environmental certification for any new requests during the ruling's implementation period. The National Mining Agency must refrain from granting mining permits if there is any doubt about environmental impact. The ruling is not clearly retroactive, but President Gustavo Petro and Environment Minister Susana Muhammad have indicated a review of past titles. The State Council ordered the development of an information system within two years to address overlaps between mining titles and environmental areas, with the entire ruling to be executed within five years.

In Colombia, 2133 hydrocarbon incidents and spills occurred between 2015 and June 2022

01 Sep 2022  |  es.mongabay.com
An analysis by Mongabay Latam reveals that Colombia experienced 2133 hydrocarbon incidents and spills between 2015 and June 2022, with the highest number of incidents occurring in 2015, 2020, and 2021. The data, sourced from the Autoridad Nacional de Licencias Ambientales (ANLA) and obtained through the Corporación Regional Yariguíes and Senator Fabián Díaz of the Partido Verde, highlights significant environmental impacts, particularly in the departments of Santander, Boyacá, and Antioquia. Ecopetrol, the largest oil company in Colombia, reported the most incidents, raising concerns about the adequacy of environmental oversight and the accuracy of incident reporting. The findings underscore the need for stricter environmental regulations and better infrastructure maintenance to mitigate future incidents.

The Debts of Duque and the Challenges of Petro in Environmental Matters

30 Aug 2022  |  rebelion.org
The article examines the environmental challenges inherited by Gustavo Petro from Iván Duque, focusing on deforestation, protection of environmental leaders, and renewable energy. It highlights the failures of Duque's administration in curbing deforestation and protecting indigenous leaders, while expressing hope for Petro's policies. The text also discusses the need for better management of protected areas, combating illegal mining, and the importance of renewable energy development.

Colombia: Duque's debts and Petro's challenges in environmental matters

01 Aug 2022  |  es.mongabay.com
The article discusses the environmental challenges faced by Colombia, highlighting the failure of former President Duque's administration to effectively combat deforestation, which worsened by 5% during his term. The new government under President Gustavo Petro inherits these issues, with deforestation being a significant challenge. Experts and former officials criticize Duque's policies, such as the Artemisa military operation and the tree planting initiative, for being insufficient and poorly executed. The article also touches on the protection of social and environmental leaders, the fight against illegal mining and deforestation, and the need for better management of protected areas. Petro's government is expected to address these challenges, with a focus on environmental protection and indigenous rights.

Private pension funds DO have to do with Odebrecht and Chirajara

28 Mar 2022  |  Cuestión Pública
The article critiques private pension funds in Colombia, highlighting their investments in companies involved in corruption scandals, such as Corficolombiana and Odebrecht. It argues that these funds, controlled by major economic conglomerates like Grupo AVAL and Grupo Empresarial Antioqueño, have led to financial losses for pensioners due to poor investment decisions and corruption. The article also discusses the collapse of the Chirajara bridge and the ongoing investments in Corficolombiana despite its tarnished reputation.

Compulsa de copias de caso Merlano

12 Feb 2022  |  Cuestión Pública
The Supreme Court of Justice has forwarded copies to the Prosecutor's Office, the House of Representatives, and the Judicial Disciplinary Commission to investigate potential crimes involving several prominent figures, including Alejandro Char Chaljub, Fuad Char Abdala, Julio Gerleín Echeverría, and others. The investigation also extends to former presidents Álvaro Uribe Vélez and Juan Manuel Santos, as well as current President Iván Duque and former Attorney General Néstor Humberto Martínez Neira. The cases of Senators Arturo Char and Laureano 'El Gato' Acuña will continue in the Supreme Court.

I was at the measurement that challenges modern physics

25 Dec 2021  |  elespectador.com
The Muon g-2 Experiment at Fermilab in Illinois, where the author works, announced a recent measurement of the muon's magnetism on April 7, which suggests that muons do not behave as predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics. The measurement, which aligns with past results from Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York, indicates that the muon's magnetism is slightly stronger than the theory suggests. Although only 6% of the data has been collected, the experiment is expected to run for two more years to gather sufficient data to potentially declare a discovery that could change the course of physics or validate the Standard Model. The research team at Fermilab will continue to generate and analyze data, while theoretical physicists will carefully examine recent calculations based on the Standard Model.

Cigarette smuggling in Latin America: the Panama connection

22 Jun 2021  |  revistaconcolon.com
China Tobacco's Panama-based factory was shut down after authorities found its products in the country's black market. A network of Panama-connected companies continues to send large quantities of Chinese cigarettes to various Latin American countries. The Zona Libre de Colón, while a tax-free commercial showcase, is also a hub for smuggling, according to expert Daniel Rico. Journalists have uncovered a network of fake companies based in Panama that send huge amounts of Chinese cigarettes from the free zone to Latin American countries where there is no legal market for such products. These companies are linked to the state-owned China National Tobacco Corporation (CNTC), which controls almost half of the global market and is trying to expand its reach. The smuggling of CNTC cigarettes has flooded countries from Mexico to Ecuador, with packaging in Spanish indicating they are manufactured specifically for Latin American markets. The pattern of smuggling is growing rapidly, with significant increases in seizures in Colombia and Brazil. Panama is identified as a key regional center for this illicit trade, with lax regulations and enforcement allowing companies to exploit the system with little punishment.


¿Podría haber una reconciliación entre Santos y Uribe? - 2014 - (nota de programa de humor político Cero Noticias)

Regresaron a la zona de tragedia

Aguapanelas internacional o como el ex jefe de seguridad del presidente Uribe se enriqueció antes de ser enjuiciado por Estados Unidos

Clinton perdonó crímenes a fundador de Glencore

Genocidio indígena cumple 100 años sin reparación

EIB: Loss of ancestral lands of the Maasai in Kenya

11 Aug 2017  |  lamarea.com
Thousands of Maasai were displaced by energy projects in Kenya funded by the European Investment Bank (EIB). The projects have led to the loss of ancestral lands for the Maasai community.

The Global Fight Against Female Genital Mutilation

24 Jun 2015  |  OneWorld
The article discusses the prevalence and consequences of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) globally, highlighting that 145 million girls and women have been affected, with the practice occurring in 29 countries, mostly in Africa. FGM causes severe health issues, psychological trauma, and is considered a violation of human rights. The article reveals that FGM is not just an African issue but is also found in the Middle East, Asia, and among immigrant communities in Europe and North America. It explores the different types of FGM and the challenges faced by NGOs and governments in combating the practice. The article also covers initiatives in countries like Sudan, Somalia, Benin, and Kenya, and discusses the role of genital reconstructive surgery for survivors. Despite some progress, the article emphasizes the need for continued efforts to eradicate FGM, with millions of girls still at risk.

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