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Hussein Mohamed

Mogadishu, Somalia
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About Hussein
Hussein Mohamed is a Mogadishu based freelance journalist covering Somalia for the Nytimes & Anadolu Agency.
English Somali Turkish
News Gathering Fact Checking
Breaking News Fact Checking

Closing Dadaab not a solution to terrorism

12 Apr 2024  |  www.standardmedia.co.ke
Dadaab, the world's largest refugee camp in northern Kenya, faces closure, raising concerns about the fate of refugees and the host community. Despite claims of security threats, the Kenyan Government has not substantiated the need to shut down the camp. The UN has requested additional funds for refugee reintegration, while the closure of the Department of Refugee Affairs poses risks for refugees. The Kenyan Government's neglect of northern Kenya and the ongoing conflict with Al Shabaab in Somalia complicate the situation. The article questions whether the government's actions are in the best interest of the refugees and the host community.

Shabab Gunmen Penetrate Heavy Security to Besiege Hotel in Somalia

15 Mar 2024  |  www.nytimes.com
Five Al Shabab militants stormed the SYL Hotel in Mogadishu, resulting in a 12-hour standoff with security forces that left three dead and 27 injured. The attack highlights Al Shabab's persistent threat despite the Somali government's counteroffensive, supported by the U.S. military. President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has vowed to eliminate the group. The incident raises concerns about security in the capital, especially near the presidential palace. The U.S. Department of Treasury recently sanctioned entities aiding Al Shabab's financial operations.

Protective Effects of Propolis and Chitosan Nanoparticles against Ibuprofen-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Albino Rats

29 Feb 2024  |  www.mdpi.com
The study investigated the protective effects of propolis and chitosan nanoparticles against ibuprofen-induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats. The research demonstrated that these natural substances could protect against liver injury by regulating anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative defense activities. The findings suggest that propolis and chitosan nanoparticles may serve as effective antioxidants in hepatotoxicity.

Why a Port Deal Has the Horn of Africa on Edge

02 Jan 2024  |  www.nytimes.com
Ethiopia has signed a preliminary agreement with Somaliland, granting commercial and military access to the Red Sea port of Berbera. In exchange, Ethiopia would recognize Somaliland as an independent nation. This deal, though not legally binding yet, could lead to a formal treaty and has significant geopolitical implications, potentially increasing tensions in the already volatile Horn of Africa and the Red Sea region.

Ruto rings closing bell at New York Stock Exchange

17 Dec 2022  |  www.the-star.co.ke
Kenyan President William Ruto rang the closing bell at the New York Stock Exchange and conducted interviews, promoting Kenya as an investment destination. He advocated for a shift in US-Africa economic relations towards investment partnerships, highlighting Africa's labor and green energy potential. During his US visit, Ruto was accompanied by several Kenyan officials. Concurrently, US President Joe Biden announced $55 billion in funding for Africa over three years, including $100 million for clean energy projects, signaling strong US commitment to Africa's future.

Siege Ends After Shabab Gunmen Storm Somalia Hotel

27 Nov 2022  |  www.nytimes.com
A 22-hour siege by Al Shabab militants on the Villa Rosa hotel in Mogadishu ended with nine civilians and six attackers dead. The attack, targeting a hotel frequented by government ministers, underscores the militants' ability to strike at Somalia's political elite. Somali troops, including C.I.A.-trained and Turkish-trained units, led the rescue efforts, saving at least 60 people. The assault is part of an escalating bombing campaign by Al Shabab in response to a military offensive by Somali forces. The incident follows a series of deadly attacks in Mogadishu, highlighting the ongoing security challenges in the region.

‘Indescribable’: Somalis recount horror of blasts that killed at least 100

30 Oct 2022  |  www.seattletimes.com
A twin car explosion in Mogadishu, Somalia, killed at least 100 people and wounded nearly 300, marking the deadliest terrorist act in the country in five years. The attack occurred near the Ministry of Education and was claimed by al-Shabab, a terrorist group aiming to establish an Islamic state. Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud called for international medical assistance and urged residents to donate blood. The attack was condemned globally, and the World Health Organization pledged to help treat victims. Despite recent government efforts to combat al-Shabab, including financial restrictions and increased security measures, the group continues to launch attacks, demonstrating its resilience and operational capabilities.

Militants Storm Hotel in Somalia, Leaving More Than 10 Dead

20 Aug 2022  |  www.nytimes.com
Militants from Al Shabab attacked the Hayat Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia, resulting in at least 11 deaths. The assault occurred amid Somalia's political transition and ongoing humanitarian crisis. Security forces continued to battle the militants, with intermittent gunfire heard from the hotel. The attack has caused significant distress among locals, with many waiting for news of loved ones potentially trapped inside.

War in Ukraine Compounds Hunger in East Africa

01 Apr 2022  |  www.nytimes.com
The drought in East Africa, particularly in Somalia, has been exacerbated by the war in Ukraine, leading to skyrocketing food prices. Ruqiya Hussein Ahmed, who lost two children to the drought, is now struggling to keep her remaining children alive due to the high cost of food even after reaching the outskirts of Mogadishu.

Statement on Ruto securing Moderna deal in US trip fake

08 Mar 2022  |  the-star.co.ke
A fake statement circulated on social media claimed Deputy President William Ruto secured a Moderna mRNA deal during his US visit, which included a meeting with CEO Stephane Bancel in Massachusetts. The fact-checker confirmed the statement is false; Ruto did not meet Bancel nor visit Massachusetts. Hussein Mohamed, the DP's Presidential Campaign Director of communications, also labeled the statement as fake. This comes after President Uhuru Kenyatta witnessed the signing of a real MoU between Kenya and Moderna for an mRNA facility in Africa.

Busy day for Ruto as he is set to address three meetings in US

02 Mar 2022  |  The Star
Deputy President William Ruto is on his second-day tour of the US, set to address three meetings including the International Conference of Bishops in Texas, a meeting at Loyola University, Maryland, and an interview at Morgan State University. He was welcomed by Nebraska Governor Pete Ricketts and discussed Kenyan agricultural interests. Ruto's delegation includes Mama Rachel Ruto, ANC leader Musalia Mudavadi, and others. The 12-day tour includes the US and UK, aimed at advancing Kenya's interests and Ruto's presidential campaign.

Kenya Kwanza leaders ask Parliament to decline extension of debt ceiling

21 Feb 2022  |  the-star.co.ke
The Kenya Kwanza Alliance, led by Deputy President William Ruto, Musalia Mudavadi, and Moses Wetangula, has urged the National Assembly and Senate to reject any proposals to raise Kenya's debt ceiling. They accuse the Treasury of exceeding the current debt limit without parliamentary approval, a move they deem unconstitutional. Mudavadi, speaking for the alliance, highlighted concerns over the Treasury's plans to request an increase in the debt ceiling to Sh12 trillion and criticized the fiscal impact of the handshake between President Uhuru Kenyatta and ODM leader Raila Odinga. The coalition calls for fiscal restraint, particularly during the transition period, and opposes any constitutional changes for resource allocation to counties. Treasury CS Ukur Yatani has proposed setting the debt cap at 55% of GDP, a shift from the absolute numerical limit.

Explosion Outside School Kills 8 in Somalia’s Capital

25 Nov 2021  |  www.nytimes.com
A vehicle explosion outside a school in Mogadishu, Somalia, killed at least eight people and injured 17. The attack targeted a convoy guarding UN staff, though no UN personnel were harmed. Al Shabab claimed responsibility for the incident, which also injured 13 students and caused significant damage to school buses and classrooms. The attack adds to the challenges Somalia faces amid a tense election period and a severe humanitarian crisis.

Suicide Blast at Military Training Camp in Somalia Targets New Recruits

15 Jun 2021  |  www.nytimes.com
A suicide bombing at a Somali Army training camp in Mogadishu, jointly run by Turkish and local forces, resulted in at least 10 deaths and 20 injuries among new recruits. The Shabab militant group claimed responsibility, with a reported death toll of 40. Turkey's involvement in Somalia includes significant investment in military support and humanitarian aid, with President Erdogan's 2011 visit to Mogadishu marking a notable engagement by a non-African leader.

Gunfire Erupts in Mogadishu as Somalia’s Political Feud Turns Violent

25 Apr 2021  |  www.nytimes.com
In Mogadishu, Somalia, a political feud turned violent with gunfire between security forces loyal to President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed and opposing units. The conflict follows a breakdown in talks after the president extended his term without holding elections, leading to criticism from Western allies. The violence, fueled by clan divisions, threatens to disrupt progress toward a functioning state amid international appeals for calm.

Impediments To Good Governance In Somalia, Study

05 Mar 2021  |  medium.com
Somalia struggles with governance, facing issues in rule of law, government effectiveness, political stability, public participation, accountability, transparency, and corruption control. Since 2000, progress has been minimal. The provisional constitution remains incomplete, contributing to political instability. Political infighting occurs outside legal frameworks, and a constitutional court is absent, leading to persistent instability and ineffectiveness in security and service delivery. The media is not free, civil society voices are ignored, and Somalia ranks low in transparency and high in corruption. The study suggests codifying government responsibilities, professionalizing security forces, enhancing public and civil society engagement, establishing a constitutional court, incorporating Islamic jurisprudence and customary law, basing state employment on merit, promoting local governance, holding direct local elections, increasing transparency, and creating a media-friendly environment.

Year in Review 2020: State of Somalia Report (Summary)

10 Feb 2021  |  medium.com
In 2020, Somalia's political climate was dominated by disputes over the parliamentary and presidential elections. President Farmaajo signed an electoral bill and insisted on one-person, one-vote elections, but preparations were inadequate. Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire was dismissed, and Mohamed Hussien Roble was appointed. The federal government influenced elections in federal member states, and dialogue with Somaliland was renewed but yielded little progress. Al-Shabaab remained a threat, shifting towards extortion as military capabilities were reduced. The economy contracted due to COVID-19, but Somalia achieved significant debt relief milestones. Humanitarian needs escalated, with a third of the population requiring urgent assistance. International relations were mixed, with severed ties with Kenya and strained relations with Djibouti and the UAE, while relationships with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Qatar, and Turkey strengthened. The US and Europe continued substantial support. The Trump administration withdrew American forces, and the outcome of the 2021 elections will be pivotal for Somalia's future.

Somalia Elections: Heritage Institute Recommends

15 Nov 2020  |  menafn.com
The Heritage Institute for Policy Studies criticizes the Somali government's handling of the upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections, citing the appointment of political operatives to electoral bodies and the potential for widespread irregularities. The Institute recommends several actions, including the formation of nonpartisan or bipartisan electoral committees, the establishment of integrity commissions, legal protection for candidates, the creation of a federal dispute resolution mechanism, barring government staff from electoral bodies, and international oversight to prevent a compromised election process. The article warns that a flawed election could destabilize Somalia's fragile stability.

Somalia: Preserving the Integrity of the Election — Key Recommendations

13 Nov 2020  |  medium.com
The Heritage Institute recommends several measures to ensure the integrity of Somalia's upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections. Key proposals include disbanding current electoral bodies filled with political operatives, forming integrity commissions, allowing all eligible citizens to run for office, establishing a federal-level dispute resolution mechanism, and barring security services and civil servants from electoral bodies. The international community and the UN Security Council are urged to support these reforms to prevent conflict and maintain stability.

Somalia Fisheries: Untapped Potential Held Back By Skills Shortage

21 Oct 2020  |  medium.com
Somalia's fisheries sector, while underdeveloped, supports over 400,000 Somalis with livelihoods, income, and employment. Despite its small contribution to the national economy, it has the potential to become one of the world's largest and most profitable fisheries. The sector faces challenges such as poor infrastructure, IUU fishing, and a shortage of skilled manpower. The civil war disrupted education and training, impacting human resource development. However, with increasing stability and investor interest, the sector is expected to grow.

Attack on beachside Somalia hotel kills at least 16

17 Aug 2020  |  www.bostonglobe.com
A terrorist attack on the Elite Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia, resulted in at least 16 deaths, including five assailants, and the rescue of over 200 people. The attack, carried out by Al Shabab, involved a car bomb and a four-hour gunbattle. Al Shabab's activities have intensified amid Somalia's struggles with the coronavirus pandemic, flash floods, and locust swarms. Somali special forces successfully rescued senior government officials and the hotel's owner, Abdullahi Mohamed Nor.

Somalia Bombing Kills Over 70 in Mogadishu

28 Dec 2019  |  www.seattletimes.com
At least 76 people were killed in a truck bombing at a busy intersection in Mogadishu, Somalia, marking one of the deadliest attacks in recent years. The explosion, suspected to be carried out by the al-Qaida-linked group al-Shabab, highlights ongoing security challenges as Somali forces prepare to take over from African Union troops. The attack has raised concerns about the effectiveness of Somali security forces and the resilience of militant groups. President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed and Prime Minister Hassan Khayre have pledged support for the victims, while international figures like Turkey's foreign minister have condemned the attack. The incident underscores the persistent threat posed by al-Shabab and the political instability in Somalia ahead of upcoming elections.

Somalia Bombing Kills Nearly 80, Raising Fears of Resurgent Militancy

28 Dec 2019  |  nytimes.com
A truck bomb exploded at a busy intersection in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 79 people and injuring 149. The blast targeted a bus of university students and is the deadliest attack in the country in over two years, indicating a rise in militant activity.

Somalia bombing kills nearly 80, raising fears of resurgent militancy

28 Dec 2019  |  www.bostonglobe.com
An explosives-laden truck detonated at a busy intersection in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 79 people and injuring 149. The attack, suspected to be carried out by the terrorist group Al Shabab, highlights the ongoing militant activity in the region. The incident raises concerns about the effectiveness of Somali forces as African Union troops prepare to withdraw. Despite intensified US airstrikes and international efforts, Al Shabab continues to pose a significant threat. The attack underscores the fragile security situation in Somalia, with implications for upcoming elections and regional stability.

Somalia Bombing Kills Nearly 80, Raising Fears of Resurgent Militancy

28 Dec 2019  |  www.seattletimes.com
An explosives-laden truck detonated at a busy intersection in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 79 people and injuring 149. The attack, suspected to be carried out by the terrorist group al-Shabab, highlights the ongoing militant threat in the region. The incident raises concerns about the capabilities of Somali forces as African Union troops prepare to withdraw. Despite intensified U.S. airstrikes and international efforts, al-Shabab continues to execute deadly attacks, undermining the Somali government's stability. The attack has drawn condemnation from international figures and underscores the fragile security situation in Somalia.

Car Bombers in Somalia Hit U.S. and European Military Bases

30 Sep 2019  |  www.nytimes.com
A car bomber and gunmen attacked the Bale Dogle airfield in Somalia, used by American forces against the Shabab, who claimed responsibility. Another bombing targeted Italian peacekeepers in Mogadishu, injuring civilians. The U.S. Africa Command reported no casualties at the base, repelled the attackers, killing 10, and conducted airstrikes. The Shabab continues to threaten Somalia and East Africa despite losing territory.

Suicide Bomber Kills Officials in Mayor’s Office in Somalia’s Capital

24 Jul 2019  |  www.nytimes.com
A suicide bomber attacked the mayor's office in Mogadishu, Somalia, during a high-level security meeting, killing at least six people and critically injuring Mayor Abdirahman Omar Osman. The Shabab, an Islamist extremist group linked to Al Qaeda, claimed responsibility, stating that American diplomat James Swan was the intended target. The attack follows a recent deadly hotel bombing in Kismayo, also claimed by the Shabab, which continues to target government offices and high-profile locations in Somalia.

She Moved Back to Tell Her Homeland’s Story, Then Fell Prey to the Unsparing Narrative of Terrorism

14 Jul 2019  |  www.nytimes.com
Hodan Nalayeh, a journalist who founded Integration TV to showcase life in Somalia and the Somali diaspora, was killed in a terrorist attack by the Shabab, an Islamist rebel group linked to Al Qaeda. The attack occurred in Kismayo, and Nalayeh's work was noted for avoiding politics and focusing on the lives of women, youth, and the poor, as well as the natural beauty of Somalia.

At Least 26 Dead in Somalia Hotel Attack Claimed by Shabab

13 Jul 2019  |  nytimes.com
The death toll from an attack on the Asasey Hotel in Kismayo, Somalia, has risen to 26, including a former politician, two Somali journalists, and foreign nationals from Kenya, Tanzania, the United States, and Britain. The Shabab, an Islamic rebel group with Al Qaeda ties, claimed responsibility, aiming to overthrow Somalia's government. The siege began on Friday evening and lasted 14 hours before government troops ended it.

Deadly Explosion Outside Crowded Restaurant in Mogadishu

28 Mar 2019  |  www.nytimes.com
A car bomb exploded near a hotel and restaurant in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 15 people and injuring many others. The Islamist group the Shabab, linked to Al Qaeda, claimed responsibility for the attack. The explosion destroyed two restaurants and several cars, with most casualties being diners. The Shabab continue to target the Western-backed government, despite being driven out of Mogadishu in 2011. Recent attacks by the group have resulted in numerous deaths, including government officials.

Backed Terrorist Group Has a New Target: Plastic Bags

04 Jul 2018  |  www.nytimes.com
The Shabab, an East African terrorist group aligned with Al Qaeda, has banned plastic bags in areas under its control in Somalia, citing environmental concerns. This decision, announced via a pro-Shabab website and social media, has been met with ridicule online, given the group's history of violent activities. Mohammed Abu Abdullah, a Shabab leader, emphasized the environmental threat posed by plastic bags, while residents like Mohammed Abdullaahi Ali found the decision contradictory given the group's ban on humanitarian workers.

Digital platforms disrupt TV space Trend, experts say

09 May 2018  |  www.standardmedia.co.ke
Shifting consumer demands and lifestyles have significantly disrupted the television industry, diminishing the influence of pay TV and prime time schedules. Insights from the Digital Dialogue Conference in Dubai, organized by MultiChoice, highlighted the evolving viewership landscape and the intense competition for audience attention. David Abraham of Wonderhood Studios discussed the transition from traditional TV to complex internet-based distribution, while Yolisa Phahle of MultiChoice emphasized the importance of content, technology, and customer engagement for the media industry's survival and growth.

Top Somali Politician Steps Down, Avoiding Showdown With President

09 Apr 2018  |  www.nytimes.com
The speaker of Somalia’s Parliament, Mohamed Osman Jawari, resigned ahead of a no-confidence vote, potentially averting a violent standoff with President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed. The resignation follows a power struggle over legislative approval for foreign investment deals, which had led to an armed standoff mediated by the African Union. The conflict highlights ongoing tensions between Somalia's central government and its six states, as well as the influence of Gulf countries like the UAE and Qatar. The Shabab terrorist group continues to exploit the government's weaknesses, contributing to the country's instability.

Militants linked to al-Qaeda unleash deadly car bombings in Somalia

26 Mar 2018  |  watoday.com.au
Three explosions in or near Mogadishu, Somalia, over four days have resulted in nearly 20 deaths and dozens of injuries. Al-Shabab, an al-Qaeda-affiliated group, claimed responsibility for the attacks, including a car bomb near the Interior Ministry and another outside the Weheliye Hotel. The group aims to overthrow the federal government. The attacks continue despite President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed's declaration of war on Al-Shabab and a US-led push to defeat the militants.

Militants linked to al-Qaida unleash deadly car bombings in Somalia

25 Mar 2018  |  Guelph Mercury
Militants linked to al-Qaida have carried out deadly car bombings in Somalia, resulting in significant casualties and destruction. The attacks highlight ongoing security challenges and the persistent threat posed by terrorist groups in the region.

Militants Linked to Al Qaeda Unleash Deadly Car Bombings in Somalia

25 Mar 2018  |  www.nytimes.com
Three explosions over four days in or near Mogadishu, Somalia, have resulted in nearly 20 deaths and numerous injuries. On Sunday, a car bomb at a security checkpoint near the Interior Ministry killed at least three people. The Shabab, an Islamist extremist group affiliated with Al Qaeda, claimed responsibility, aiming to overthrow Somalia’s Western-backed federal government. Another car bomb exploded outside Mogadishu, with unclear casualties.

After Huge Truck Bombings, U.S. Steps Up Attacks Against Somali Militants

19 Nov 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
The United States has significantly increased airstrikes against Shabab militants in Somalia following a deadly truck bombing in Mogadishu. In a five-day period starting November 9, American drones and warplanes conducted six strikes against Shabab fighters and one against Islamic State combatants. These actions come after President Trump approved new military authorities to target insurgents globally. The recent strikes killed over 40 fighters and are part of a broader effort to combat the Shabab, who have been weakened by African Union forces, the Somali Army, and increased American air power. The U.S. has also doubled its troop presence in Somalia to about 500, marking the largest American military presence in the country since 1993.

U.S. and Somali Strikes on Shabab Said to Kill Nearly 100 Militants

11 Nov 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
Nearly 100 Shabab militants were killed in separate strikes by U.S. and Somali forces. A U.S. airstrike north of Mogadishu killed over a dozen militants, while Somali security forces killed 81 fighters in Jilib. The Shabab denied the Jilib attack. The U.S. has conducted 23 airstrikes in Somalia this year, including the first against an Islamic State-affiliated group in Puntland. The U.S. Mission in Somalia has directed nonessential personnel to leave Mogadishu due to specific threats.

Hotel frequented by politicians, business leaders under siege after deadly truck bomb in Mogadishu

29 Oct 2017  |  The Age
At least 29 people were killed and 30 injured in Mogadishu when two car bombs exploded and gunmen stormed the Nasahablood 2 hotel, frequented by government officials. The siege lasted nearly 12 hours, with more than 30 people rescued. The attack, claimed by al-Shabaab, follows a similar deadly incident earlier in October. President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed has vowed to eradicate the group, which seeks an Islamist state in Somalia. The attack has drawn international condemnation, including from British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson and the U.S. under President Donald Trump, which has increased efforts to defeat al-Shabaab.

In Mogadishu, Truck Bomb and Gunmen Kill at Least 23 in Hotel Attack

28 Oct 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
A truck bomb exploded outside the Nasa-Hablod hotel in Mogadishu, followed by a group of gunmen attacking the building. The incident resulted in at least 23 fatalities and over 30 injuries. Security forces engaged in a firefight with the attackers, rescuing 30 individuals, including a government minister. Three out of five assailants were killed during the standoff. The hotel is known to be a popular location for Somali government officials and business leaders. This attack occurred just two weeks after another devastating truck bomb in Mogadishu, which claimed 358 lives. The militant group Al Shabab, which is affiliated with Al Qaeda, has claimed responsibility for the recent attack.

Somalia blasts add to questions over nation's security and reach of al-Shabab

17 Oct 2017  |  The Sydney Morning Herald
Somalia faces severe security challenges as al-Shabab insurgents continue to carry out deadly attacks, including a recent twin truck bombing in Mogadishu that killed over 270 people. The Somali government, criticized for its weak security measures, struggles with internal divisions and infighting among clans, undermining President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed's leadership. The African Union's 22,000 troops in Somalia warn that security gains could be reversed without adequate support. Despite efforts to weaken al-Shabab, the group remains a potent threat, recently taking over the town of Bariire near Mogadishu.

Somalia blasts add to questions over nation's security and reach of al-Shabab

17 Oct 2017  |  watoday.com.au
Somalia is grappling with frequent violent attacks by al-Shabab insurgents, including car bombs, grenade attacks, and assassinations. The recent twin truck bombings in Mogadishu, which killed over 270 people, have raised questions about the nation's security and the reach of al-Shabab. The government, criticized for weak security, faces internal divisions and challenges in paying and training security forces. The African Union has warned that security gains could be reversed without adequate support. Despite efforts by US and African-backed forces to contain the insurgency, al-Shabab's capacity for destruction remains significant, as evidenced by their recent takeover of the town of Bariire.

Somalia in mourning after hundreds killed in Mogadishu terror bomb blasts

16 Oct 2017  |  www.watoday.com.au
Twin truck bombings in Mogadishu, Somalia, killed over 270 people and wounded at least 300 others, with the death toll expected to rise. President Mohamed Abdullahi declared three days of national mourning, donated blood, and urged others to do the same. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack, which is one of the deadliest since the Islamic insurgency began in 2007. The US Mission to Somalia, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the British ambassador condemned the attacks and expressed condolences. The Qatar Embassy was also damaged, and its charge d'affaires was slightly injured.

'This is the deadliest incident I ever remember': Mogadishu truck bombing magnitude rattles Somalia

16 Oct 2017  |  The Sydney Morning Herald
A devastating double truck bombing in Mogadishu resulted in over 270 deaths and more than 300 injuries, marking one of the deadliest attacks in Somalia's history. The attack, suspected to be carried out by al-Shabab, highlights the ongoing threat of terrorism in the region despite efforts by Somali and African Union forces, supported by US military operations. Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed declared three days of national mourning and called for unity against terror. The incident underscores the persistent instability and challenges faced by Somalia in combating militant groups.

Mogadishu Truck Bombings Are Deadliest Attack in Decades

15 Oct 2017  |  nytimes.com
A double truck bombing in Mogadishu, Somalia, on October 14, 2017, resulted in over 270 deaths and more than 300 injuries, marking the deadliest attack in decades. The Shabab, an Islamist militant group with ties to Al Qaeda and the Islamic State, is the main suspect, although no claims of responsibility were made. The attack follows a pattern of increased violence in the capital and may be a response to territorial losses and intensified American drone strikes. Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed declared three days of national mourning and called for unity against terror. The bombings occurred shortly after a visit by the head of the United States Africa Command and amid political instability within Somalia.

Shabab Leader Surrenders in Somalia, Officials Say

13 Aug 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
Abu Mansoor Mukhtar Robow, a former senior commander of the Shabab in Somalia, surrendered to government forces, potentially weakening the Islamist militant group. Robow, who had been on the run from his own group, turned himself in to save his life after hard-line elements within the Shabab turned against him. He arrived in Mogadishu with the help of government officials. Somalia has experienced ongoing conflict since the collapse of its central government in 1991, with the Shabab emerging in the mid-2000s as a significant militant force.

Car Bomb Kills at Least 6 and Injures 13 Others in Mogadishu

30 Jul 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
A car bomb detonated near a police station on Maka Almukarramah road in Mogadishu, Somalia, resulted in at least six deaths and 13 injuries. The attack might have been executed by a suicide bomber. On the same day, the Shabab terrorist group attacked a convoy of Ugandan soldiers with the African Union in southern Somalia, with disputed reports on the number of casualties. The recent calm in Mogadishu was disrupted despite a government security operation, with violence including the death of six government soldiers earlier in the week.

Somalis in Minneapolis Shocked and Saddened by Police Shooting

19 Jul 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
Mohamed Noor, the first Somali police officer in his precinct, is under scrutiny for fatally shooting Australian woman Justine Damond, who had called 911 to report a possible sexual assault. The incident has sparked international outrage, with the Australian prime minister condemning the shooting as a 'shocking killing.' Damond's family, including her father John Ruszczyk, are desperate for information. Transcripts reveal Damond called 911 twice before being shot, expressing concern for a woman she believed was in distress.

Shabab Kill 31 and Take Hostages in Somalia’s Capital

14 Jun 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
The Shabab extremist group killed 31 people and took hostages in Mogadishu, Somalia, following a car bomb explosion at the Posh Hotel and subsequent attack on the Pizza House restaurant. Special forces rescued over 50 hostages. The Shabab, linked to Al Qaeda, have a history of violent attacks in Somalia and neighboring countries. Despite suffering losses, their capacity for harm remains significant. The attack follows a recent U.S. military drone strike targeting Shabab in southern Somalia, authorized under relaxed rules by President Trump.

Navy SEAL Killed in Somalia in First U.S. Combat Death There Since 1993

05 May 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
A Navy SEAL, Senior Chief Special Warfare Operator Kyle Milliken, was killed and two other American service members were wounded in a raid against Islamist militants in Somalia, marking the first U.S. combat death in the country since the 1993 'Black Hawk Down' battle. The incident underscores the challenges of the U.S. military's increasing involvement in Somalia, complicated by the country's drought and famine. Despite new authority from President Trump to conduct operations without Obama-era constraints, the U.S. Africa Command has not yet acted on this authority, with Gen. Thomas D. Waldhauser exercising caution amid civilian and aid worker presence.

Somali Public Works Minister Seen as ‘Rising Star’ Is Shot to Death

04 May 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
Somalia's youngest cabinet member and minister of public works, Abbas Abdullahi Sheikh Siraji, was shot dead by soldiers guarding the auditor general near the presidential palace. The incident led to the Somali cabinet firing the auditor general, Nor Farah Jimale, and caused President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed to cut short a visit to Ethiopia. The United States Mission to Somalia mourned Siraji, calling him a 'rising star' and a symbol of Somalia's potential. Siraji, a former refugee who grew up in the Dadaab camp in Kenya, was seen as a symbol of hope for the country's future.

Somalia’s President Declares War on Shabab Militants

06 Apr 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
Somalia's President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, also known as Farmajo, has declared war on the Shabab militant group, offering amnesty to fighters who surrender within 60 days. This follows President Trump's directive designating parts of Somalia as an 'area of active hostilities,' easing rules for preventing civilian casualties during U.S. counterterrorism strikes. Amidst challenges of drought, terrorism, corruption, and increased piracy, the Somali president's cabinet has replaced top commanders and the mayor of Mogadishu, a move met with skepticism by residents.

Somali Pirates Attack, Raising Fears That a Menace Is Back

04 Apr 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
Somali pirates have hijacked four ships in the past month, raising concerns about a resurgence of piracy in the Indian Ocean. Factors contributing to this include drought, famine, corruption, and the influence of the Islamic State. The recent political changes in Somalia, marked by corruption, have also played a role. Efforts to combat piracy had previously been successful, but resources have since been diverted to other threats. The situation is exacerbated by the severe famine in Somalia, pushing people towards criminal activities.

Pirates Seize Oil Tanker Off Coast of Somalia

14 Mar 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
Pirates off the coast of Somalia hijacked an oil tanker with eight Sri Lankans on board, marking the first such incident since 2012. The vessel, en route to Mogadishu from Djibouti, was diverted to Alula in Puntland. The crew sent a distress signal, and officials confirmed the hijacking. The Sri Lankan government is in touch with relevant authorities to ensure the crew's safety. A United Nations report highlighted a significant reduction in piracy due to international efforts but warned of the potential for resurgence. The ship is owned by a Panamanian company and managed by a UAE-based firm.

U.N. Chief, Visiting Somalia, Pleads for Aid to Avert Famine

07 Mar 2017  |  www.nytimes.com
António Guterres, the secretary general of the United Nations, visited Somalia on Tuesday to call for international aid. He is seeking $825 million to combat the severe drought and cholera outbreak affecting the nation. This aid is intended to support 5.5 million people, roughly half of Somalia's population, over the next six months. Guterres, who was appointed as the UN leader in October, used Twitter to announce his visit to the crisis-stricken East African country.

Suicide Bombing in Somalia Kills Dozens at a Market

19 Feb 2017  |  nytimes.com
A suicide bombing at the Kawo Godey market in Mogadishu, Somalia, killed at least 30 people, with the death toll expected to rise. The Shabab militant group is blamed for the attack, which occurred shortly after President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed announced a new offensive against them. The president, also known as Farmajo, was recently elected in a process criticized for corruption. Farmajo, an American citizen, has been labeled an apostate and a puppet by the Shabab.

Huawei bets on its latest smartphone to grow Africa sales

21 Nov 2016  |  www.standardmedia.co.ke
Huawei plans to introduce its latest smartphone, the Mate 9, in Kenya and across Africa to cement its sales growth in the region. Gean Jiao, president of Huawei's consumer business group for the Middle East and Africa, highlights Africa's growing consumer market and the company's strategy to leverage partnerships with Leica and Porsche Design. Huawei aims to challenge the dominance of Samsung and Apple by capitalizing on Africa's rising middle class and increasing openness to new brands. The Mate 9 features advanced specifications, including a dual camera developed with Leica, and aims to compete with high-end models from Samsung and Apple.

‘I’m Scared These Men Will Kill Everyone’: ISIS Takes a Somalia Town

27 Oct 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
The Islamic State raised its flag over Qandala, a coastal town in Somalia, as it continues to challenge the Shabab, Somalia's leading Islamist militants. Residents of Qandala experienced fear and awe as masked Islamic State fighters with heavy weaponry entered the town without resistance. The Shabab have been executing those suspected of supporting the Islamic State, reflecting a power struggle rather than ideological differences. Clan dynamics, particularly the Darod clan's opposition to the Hawiye clan's dominance in the Shabab, contribute to the divide. Somalia's central government remains weak, and the country's instability is exacerbated by the presence of foreign armies, including American Special Forces. The Shabab also recently killed 12 people in a hotel bombing in Kenya.

Militants Bomb Kenya Hotel, Killing 12; Shabab Claim Responsibility

26 Oct 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
Islamist militants from the Shabab group bombed a hotel in Mandera, Kenya, killing 12 people and causing significant outrage among Kenyans who criticized their government's response. The attack, which occurred early Tuesday morning, is part of a series of violent incidents in the region. Kenyan officials reported that the militants detonated a powerful bomb, leading to the collapse of part of the hotel. The Shabab, a Somali militant group, claimed responsibility for the attack. The incident has sparked criticism of the Kenyan government's handling of security, with citizens expressing their frustration on social media.

Truck Bomb Kills 15 in Somalia; Shabab Claim Responsibility

31 Aug 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
A truck bomb detonated by the Shabab militant group near the presidential palace in Mogadishu, Somalia, killed at least 15 people and wounded many, including two government ministers. The attack occurred in front of the SYL Hotel during a government security meeting. Despite the presence of African Union peacekeepers and US military airstrikes, Somalia's government struggles to prevent such attacks. The Shabab, aligned with Al Qaeda, have a history of targeting civilians and continue to destabilize the region.

At Least 7 Dead as Shabab Militants Attack Restaurant in Somali Capital

26 Aug 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
Islamist militants from the Shabab group attacked a seaside restaurant in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least seven people and wounding two others. The attack involved a car bomb and gunmen storming the building. Somali security officials reported that a suicide bomber was taken into custody and two militants were killed. The attack occurred near the Turkish Embassy compound, and many of the wounded were in critical condition. The Shabab have a history of violent attacks in Somalia, aiming to overthrow the Western-backed government.

At Least 7 Dead as Shabab Militants Attack Restaurant in Somali Capital

26 Aug 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
Islamist militants from The Shabab group attacked a seaside restaurant in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least seven people and wounding two others. The group, which aims to establish a puritanical Islamic state in Somalia, used gunmen and a car bomb in the assault. Somali security officials reported that a suicide bomber was taken into custody and two militants were killed. The Banadir restaurant, located near the new Turkish Embassy, was the site of the attack. The wounded were in critical condition, and the death toll was expected to rise. This attack is part of The Shabab's ongoing efforts to overthrow the Western-backed Somali government.

Suicide Bombing Kills at Least 20 in Somalia

22 Aug 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
A suicide bombing in Galkayo, Somalia, killed at least 20 people, indicating that Islamist militants remain capable of executing deadly attacks. The U.S. has been increasingly involved in Somalia, assisting in operations against the Shabab militant group. Secretary of State John Kerry is set to discuss Somalia and South Sudan in Nairobi. Somalia's upcoming election will not involve direct citizen voting due to instability; instead, clan elders will appoint delegates to select politicians, a process criticized by Somali intellectuals.

Suicide Bombing Kills at Least 20 in Somalia

22 Aug 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
A suicide bomb in Galkayo, Somalia, killed at least 20 people, highlighting the ongoing threat from Islamist militants despite recent setbacks. The attack involved a bomb in a market and subsequent gun battles with security forces. The United States has been increasingly involved in Somalia, with recent airstrikes and special forces operations targeting Shabab militants. Secretary of State John Kerry is set to discuss Somalia and South Sudan in Nairobi. Somalia's upcoming election, criticized for its lack of transparency, will involve clan elders selecting delegates to choose the politicians.

Shabab Stage Deadly Attack on Military Base in Somalia

12 Jul 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
Heavy fighting erupted in the village of Laanta Buuro, Lower Shabelle Province, after a car bomb exploded at the entrance of a military base. The Shabab insurgents stormed the base, stealing two military vehicles and claiming to have killed at least 30 members of the armed forces. The attack highlights the ongoing threat posed by the Shabab militant group in Somalia.

Roadside Attack Near Somali Capital Leaves at Least 14 Dead

01 Jul 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
At least 14 people were killed when a bus was struck by a roadside bomb in Lafoole, near Mogadishu, Somalia. The attack, which also wounded at least two people, is suspected to be the work of Islamist Shabab militants. The group has a history of carrying out attacks across Somalia, including a recent hotel attack in Mogadishu. Local officials and eyewitnesses provided details of the incident, but no official police statement has been issued yet.

Shabab Attack in Somalia Sets Off Predawn Gun Battle

10 Jun 2016  |  www.nytimes.com
A suicide bomber from the Shabab militant group attacked an African Union base in central Somalia, leading to a predawn gun battle. The Shabab claimed to have killed dozens of soldiers, but the African Union and Somali government reported heavy casualties among the militants. The Shabab, allied with Al Qaeda, have increased their attacks recently, targeting civilians, government officials, and soldiers. The attack follows a similar pattern to a previous assault on a Kenyan Army base, with analysts predicting more attacks during Ramadan.

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