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Yeannaly Fermin

Caracas, Venezuela
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About Yeannaly
Yeannaly Fermin is a journalist based in Caracas, Venezuela.
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Spanish
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Content Writing Research Investigative Journalism
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AI calls on the UN for 'scrutiny and accountability' over increased repression in Venezuela

19 Mar 2024  |  runrunes.org
Amnesty International has called for international scrutiny and accountability for the increased repression in Venezuela, highlighting intensified government attacks on civic space, arbitrary detentions, forced disappearances, and violations of due process. The organization urges the immediate release of political detainees and an end to attacks on civil society, condemning the government's efforts to undermine NGOs' freedom of association.

AI calls for 'scrutiny and accountability' for increased repression in Venezuela at the UN

19 Mar 2024  |  runrun.es
Amnesty International (AI) has called for international scrutiny and accountability for the increased repression in Venezuela, highlighting intensified government attacks on civic space, arbitrary detentions, forced disappearances, and violations of due process. AI urges the immediate release of political detainees and cessation of attacks on civil society, condemning the government's efforts to undermine NGOs' freedom of association.

No one to take care of grandmothers left raising their grandchildren

15 Mar 2024  |  runrunes.org
In Venezuela, elderly women like Yolanda González and Angelina Sosa are increasingly responsible for raising their grandchildren due to economic hardship and migration. The NGO Convite's study highlights the significant caregiving role played by grandmothers, with 36% of those surveyed taking care of grandchildren. The economic crisis exacerbates their situation, with pensions and social security deemed insufficient, and many suffering from health issues like hypertension. The psychological impact of these responsibilities is also a concern, with some experiencing symptoms of anxiety and stress. The term 'grandparent slavery syndrome' has been coined to describe the overwhelming burden faced by these elderly caregivers.

Encovi 2023: In a third of the country, moderate and severe food insecurity persists

Keys to understanding the 'armed conflict' in Ecuador

11 Jan 2024  |  runrunes.org
Ecuador, once known as an 'Island of Peace', is now facing an 'internal armed conflict' due to a surge in violence linked to narcotraffic. The conflict's origins trace back to events such as the use of Ecuadorian ports for drug transit, the introduction of dollarization, the 2008 Constitution prohibiting foreign military bases, and the declaration of universal citizenship in 2010. The country ended 2023 with a high rate of violent deaths, surpassing other Latin American nations. Recent events include the assassination of political figures, prison riots, and the escape of high-profile criminals. The government has declared a state of emergency, involving military operations and curfews, to combat the crisis.

Keys to Understanding the 'Armed Conflict' in Ecuador

11 Jan 2024  |  runrun.es
Ecuador, once known as an 'Island of Peace,' is now grappling with an internal armed conflict driven by narcotrafficking and criminal violence. The escalation began with the use of Ecuadorian ports by Colombian and Peruvian mafias, the impact of dollarization, the 2008 constitution barring foreign military bases, and the 2010 declaration of universal citizenship. The government, under President Daniel Novoa, has declared a state of internal armed conflict, involving military and police operations to curb the violence. High-profile assassinations, prison riots, and the takeover of a TV station have marked the crisis. The conflict has significant implications for regional economies and has fueled xenophobia, particularly against Venezuelan migrants.

2023 closed as an 'extremely rainy' year according to UCV's rain station

10 Jan 2024  |  runrun.es
The annual summary from the UCV's Rain Station Bulletin reported that 2023 ended as an 'extremely rainy' year with total precipitation reaching 1,182.9 mm, exceeding the annual average of 893.8 mm from previous years. December was noted as an 'extremely dry month' with only 1.3 mm of rain, well below the monthly average of 44.1 mm. Despite the 'La Niña' event (cold phase) from January to April, precipitation was below average, while from May to November, it was above average despite the 'El Niño' event (warm phase). September and October were highlighted as 'extraordinarily rainy,' with three times the September average and twice the October average, attributed to the warming of the Atlantic Ocean during the tropical wave season. The bulletin also mentioned that there have been four consecutive years of above-average rainfall, with annual precipitation between 1,000 and 1,200 mm since 2019. The UCV station's analysis suggests that the annual rainfall for 2024 might be below average, considering there has never been a five or six-year sequence above average. It is noted that rainfall over 30 mm in Caracas is the threshold for significant damage or hazardous situations such as floods, mass movements, soil slips, and falling trees.

Faculty of Medicine: Denying community doctors the option to pursue postgraduate studies at UCV would be discriminatory

27 Nov 2023  |  runrun.es
The Faculty of Medicine at the Central University of Venezuela (UCV) has decided to allow community doctors to participate in the admission process for clinical postgraduate studies, aligning with other public and autonomous universities in the country. This decision is in compliance with the Law of Medical Practice and aims to prevent discrimination against community doctors. The Vice President of the National Academy of Medicine, Huniades Urbina, and the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Mario Patiño, emphasize that this move ensures fair competition and maintains the quality of medical education. The UCV will allow these doctors to take the admission exam, and only those who pass will proceed to further stages of the selection process.

They denounce that Sebin detained an Encuentro Ciudadano activist at midnight without a court order

22 Nov 2023  |  runrunes.org
Nelson Piñero, an activist from the political party Encuentro Ciudadano, was detained by the Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional (Sebin) at midnight without a court order. The arrest was announced by Encuentro Ciudadano on social media, and Piñero's son confirmed the detention, stating that the reasons were unclear and related to his father's activity on the social network X. The article highlights the lack of judicial process and the activist's critical stance against the government.

They denounce that Sebin detained an Encuentro Ciudadano activist at midnight without a court order

22 Nov 2023  |  runrun.es
Nelson Piñero, an activist from the political party Encuentro Ciudadano, was detained by the Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional (Sebin) at midnight without a court order. The detention was reported by his son via Piñero's account on the social media platform X (formerly Twitter). The reasons for the detention remain unclear, and the family has not received any information from Sebin. Piñero is known for his active criticism of the government and the country's situation on social media.

The 7 mistakes of Chavismo in the defense of the Esequibo

17 Nov 2023  |  Runrun
Since the rise of Chavismo, Venezuela's strategy to defend its claim over the Esequibo territory has been erratic, marked by omissions, inaccuracies, political gallantry, shifting rhetoric, and concessions that have allowed Guyana to gain an advantage in the dispute over the resource-rich 159,000 square kilometer area. The historical conflict, which will now be resolved by the International Court of Justice, has been mishandled by Venezuelan leaders Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro, leading to a series of strategic mistakes including granting permissions to Guyana to exploit resources, minimizing Venezuela's claim, fostering too friendly relations with Cuba, offering oil royalties through Petrocaribe, allowing the case to reach the ICJ, failing to seek qualified help, and politicizing the issue.

When the sun rose over the Essequibo, Chavez looked the other way

12 Nov 2023  |  runrunes.org
In 2006, Hugo Chávez agreed to freeze the dispute with Guyana over the Essequibo region to gain support from the Organization of American States, Caricom, and ALBA. The Venezuelan government under Nicolás Maduro has revived interest in the claim after Exxon Mobil discovered significant oil reserves off the coast of Guyana in 2015. The Essequibo, rich in natural resources, represents two-thirds of Guyana's territory and a potential economic boom. Maduro's government has taken a more aggressive stance, claiming regional peace is at risk and planning a consultative referendum to define defense strategies. Guyana has sought resolution through the International Court of Justice, which Venezuela does not recognize as mandatory.

“I have never seen a prosecutor defend a government so much”: Saab left the UN with a headache

11 Oct 2023  |  runrunes.org
The article reports on the UN Human Rights Committee's evaluation of Venezuela's compliance with civil and political rights, highlighting the Venezuelan delegation's confrontational response. Tarek William Saab, the Venezuelan prosecutor, defended the government's record, while UN experts criticized the lack of independence and transparency. The article underscores the ongoing human rights abuses in Venezuela, including attacks on human rights defenders, and the government's failure to provide accurate data. The UN and various organizations expressed concern over the Venezuelan government's actions and called for respect and accountability.

Social control and intimidation present in the 2023 school year

06 Oct 2023  |  runrun.es
The Venezuelan Ministry of Education has been accused of using intimidation and social control tactics in response to teachers' demands for fair wages. Military and police presence in public schools has been reported, ostensibly to monitor teachers' attendance. An electronic system using QR codes to track attendance was announced by Education Minister Yelitze Santaella but later clarified amidst backlash. Teachers have been protesting for salary increases in line with the Constitution, collective bargaining agreements, and additional benefits. The cost of living has significantly outpaced teachers' salaries, which do not exceed 30 dollars, while the food basket cost is 491 dollars. The government's use of military forces in educational settings has been a longstanding concern, with organizations like Cecodap and Provea highlighting the inappropriateness and potential violations of educational rights.

Grendy Duque, Always Appointed to Judge Political Prisoners

28 Sep 2023  |  Runrun
Grendy Duque Carvajal, a 37-year-old judge with a history of significant roles within Venezuela's Public Ministry, has been involved in judicial investigations where NGOs report human rights violations. She has recently sentenced union leaders, military personnel, and civilians on political grounds. Lawyers Eduardo Torres and former magistrate Blanca Rosa Mármol have filed a complaint against Duque for convicting six Venezuelan unionists without evidence. International bodies such as the UN and the International Criminal Court have been notified of these actions, which are considered crimes against humanity. Duque also presided over the so-called Operation Constitution case, sentencing individuals to up to 30 years in prison for alleged conspiracy against President Nicolás Maduro.

The pilot plan of the Ministry of Education is nothing more than a compilation of good intentions

24 Sep 2023  |  runrunes.org
The pilot plan proposed by the Ministry of Education in Venezuela aims to transform 2,000 high schools into technical schools, introducing new subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology from the first year of high school. Despite its potential benefits, experts like Carlos Calatrava and Mariano Herrera highlight significant challenges, including inadequate infrastructure, lack of specialized teachers, and insufficient funding. The plan's feasibility is questioned due to the country's economic crisis and the poor condition of public schools. The article underscores the gap between the plan's theoretical benefits and practical implementation hurdles.

UN Mission Report Denounced Torture and Sexual Violence Against Those Involved in 'Operation Constitution'

21 Sep 2023  |  runrun.es
The UN Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Venezuela's fourth report denounces the use of torture and sexual violence by the government of Nicolás Maduro against those implicated in 'Operation Constitution.' The report highlights systematic sexual violence used as a method of torture to extract information and humiliate detainees, particularly targeting men associated with the armed forces. Notable cases include John Jairo Gasparini Ferbans and Jonathan Rangel, both subjected to severe torture and sexual violence. The report documents numerous incidents of violence, including deaths, forced disappearances, arbitrary detentions, and torture between 2020 and 2023, underscoring ongoing human rights violations in Venezuela.

We are investigating the financing of the Primaries and other pearls from Diosdado Cabello

14 Sep 2023  |  runrun.es
Diosdado Cabello, the first vice president of the PSUV, announced that the party is investigating the financing of the opposition's primary elections. He emphasized the importance of transparency and the potential issues with the funding sources. Cabello also criticized the opposition for their alleged subordination to U.S. interests and praised the achievements of the Venezuelan revolution in higher education. The article highlights the ongoing political tensions and the PSUV's stance on the upcoming elections.

Leider García received a gunshot while trying to bring in humanitarian aid

02 Sep 2023  |  runrunes.org
Leider García Rangel, a former police officer, was fatally shot while attempting to help bring humanitarian aid into Venezuela during the political and economic crisis under Nicolás Maduro's government. The incident occurred on February 23, 2019, amidst violent clashes between protesters and the Guardia Nacional Bolivariana. Leider's family, who supported the interim president Juan Guaidó, faced numerous challenges, including medical negligence and bureaucratic obstacles, in their efforts to save him. Four years later, Leider's case remains unresolved, with lost documents and unpunished perpetrators.

The Ministry of Education's pilot plan is nothing more than a compilation of good intentions

16 Aug 2023  |  runrun.es
Venezuela's Ministry of Education's pilot plan, which aims to transform schools and update the curriculum, is seen as a compilation of good intentions with questionable practicality. Despite the plan's strengths, such as the inclusion of more science and technology subjects, experts like Carlos Calatrava from Universidad Católica Andrés Bello highlight significant challenges due to the country's economic situation and the state of public schools. The plan includes transforming 2,000 schools into technical schools and introducing a technical baccalaureate with 36 mentions. However, issues like inadequate infrastructure, teacher shortages, and the need for substantial investment raise doubts about the feasibility of the plan.

High School Curriculum Will Arrive More Than 30 Years Late

07 Aug 2023  |  runrun.es
The Venezuelan high school curriculum is outdated by over 30 years, lacking modern educational elements and failing to prepare students for the workforce. Experts like Luisa Pernalete, Carlos Calatrava, and Mariano Herrera emphasize the need for urgent reforms focused on science, technology, and practical skills. The Ministry of Education is working on a new curriculum, but details remain scarce. The current system is criticized for its irrelevance and lack of comprehensive educational goals. The proposed reforms aim to include technical education and better align with societal needs, but concerns about infrastructure and teacher salaries persist.

High School Curriculum Will Arrive More Than 30 Years Late

07 Aug 2023  |  runrunes.org
The Venezuelan high school curriculum has remained unchanged for over 30 years, lagging behind global educational advancements. Experts like Luisa Pernalete and Carlos Calatrava emphasize the urgent need for a curriculum focused on science, technology, and practical skills. The Ministry of Education is working on a new curriculum, but details remain scarce. The outdated curriculum is seen as a major reason for student dropouts, as it fails to provide relevant skills for the job market. The new curriculum aims to include technical education and specializations, but experts warn that its implementation is premature given current infrastructural and financial challenges in the education sector.

Between Darkness and Heat, the Documentary Memory of the National Library is Lost

18 Jul 2023  |  runrun.es
The National Library of Venezuela, once a model for other libraries in Latin America, is facing severe deterioration due to lack of maintenance and investment. Key issues include poor lighting, inadequate air conditioning, and insufficient staff. The library's vast collection of historical documents, books, and artifacts is at risk. Researchers like Juan Hernández have found damaged and missing pages, particularly in documents related to human rights and political events. Despite these challenges, employees continue to work under difficult conditions to preserve the nation's documentary memory.

TSJ fined a citizen who denounced the demolition of his residence to build a PSUV house

27 Jun 2023  |  runrunes.org
The Supreme Court of Justice (TSJ) fined Alexander José Martineau Cedeño for denouncing the demolition of his residence to build a PSUV headquarters. Despite living in his home for 12 years and using it for commercial purposes, Martineau was informed by Caracas officials that his house would be demolished. When he sought legal recourse, the TSJ dismissed his case and fined him, citing procedural abandonment and malicious intent. The decision has been criticized for ignoring Martineau's claims and delaying the legal process for three years.

TSJ fined a citizen who denounced the demolition of his residence to build a PSUV house

27 Jun 2023  |  runrun.es
The Supreme Court of Justice (TSJ) fined Alexander José Martineau Cedeño Bs. 2,000 after he denounced the demolition of his residence in Caracas to build a PSUV headquarters. Despite living in the house for 12 years and using it for commercial purposes, Martineau Cedeño's case was dismissed by the TSJ, which deemed itself incompetent to handle the matter and accused him of acting maliciously. The decision, made three years after the initial complaint, ignored his claims of not receiving proper notification to take legal action.

6 keys to understand the rabies and drink scandal

08 Jun 2023  |  runrun.es
Armando Benedetti and Laura Sarabia, key figures in Gustavo Petro's government, are at the center of a major scandal involving espionage, blackmail, threats, abuse of power, and alleged illicit financing for Petro's presidential campaign. The scandal includes the controversial use of a polygraph on Sarabia's nanny, Marelbys Meza, following the theft of $7,000. Investigations revealed political abuse of power, with Meza and another employee being wrongfully implicated as collaborators of a criminal group. The scandal led to the dismissal of Benedetti and Sarabia, with Benedetti expressing dissatisfaction with his role and threatening to expose campaign financing details. The situation escalated with leaked audios and Benedetti's public outbursts, culminating in his request for protection from threats.

6 keys to understanding the rabies and drink scandal

08 Jun 2023  |  runrunes.org
Armando Benedetti and Laura Sarabia, key figures in Gustavo Petro's government, are at the center of a major scandal involving espionage, blackmail, threats, abuse of power, and alleged illicit financing for Petro's presidential campaign. The scandal includes the controversial use of a polygraph on Sarabia's nanny, Marelbys Meza, following the theft of $7,000, and the subsequent political fallout leading to the dismissal of both Benedetti and Sarabia. The situation escalated with leaked audios revealing Benedetti's dissatisfaction with his political role and threats to expose campaign financing details, further implicating Petro's administration.

There is no one to take care of the grandmothers who were left raising their grandchildren

01 Jun 2023  |  runrun.es
The article discusses the plight of elderly Venezuelan grandmothers who are left to care for their grandchildren due to economic migration and insufficient social support. It highlights the physical, emotional, and financial challenges they face, exacerbated by Venezuela's prolonged economic crisis. The article includes personal stories and statistical data from studies by Convite and other organizations, emphasizing the need for better policies and support systems for the elderly.

Yosmary Guerra, victim of the 2018 chaos in Mérida due to food shortages

27 May 2023  |  runrun.es
Yosmary Katherine Guerra Viloria was fatally injured during food riots in Mérida, Venezuela, in January 2018. The article details the severe economic crisis in Venezuela, marked by food shortages and hyperinflation, leading to widespread protests and looting. Alba Pacheco, a local food distributor, is accused of hoarding food and inciting violence, resulting in multiple injuries and deaths, including Guerra's. Despite some legal actions, full justice remains elusive for Guerra's family, who continue to seek accountability for her death.

Maduro's Announcement Disappears the Minimum Wage

04 May 2023  |  runrun.es
The recent announcement by Nicolás Maduro regarding wage adjustments in Venezuela has been met with criticism and dissatisfaction among workers and experts. The adjustments include an increase in food vouchers and a 'war economy bonus' but do not significantly raise the actual minimum wage, which remains at a mere 7% of the total income. This has led to concerns about the impact on workers' benefits and the potential for increased inflation. Legal experts and labor leaders have criticized the government's approach as inadequate and harmful to workers' rights, with the overall sentiment being that the Venezuelan worker continues to suffer from poor economic policies and a lack of substantial income improvement.

Maduro's Announcement Disappears the Minimum Wage

04 May 2023  |  runrunes.org
The Venezuelan government's announcement on May 1st, which was expected to address a salary adjustment in line with the country's economic situation, instead increased cestatickets and the 'economic war bonus' without raising the minimum wage. This decision has been met with dissatisfaction among workers, as it does not affect benefits such as severance or vacation bonuses. Experts and labor leaders criticize the move as insufficient and a mockery, highlighting the widening gap between public sector wages and the cost of living. The government's approach is seen as an attempt to reduce labor liabilities and avoid inflationary impact, while failing to heed recommendations from the International Labour Organization. The sentiment towards the government and its policies is overwhelmingly negative, with criticism focusing on the continued deterioration of workers' income and the overall economic strategy.

Sandra Oblitas assumes higher education also from the railing

19 Apr 2023  |  runrunes.org
Sandra Oblitas, former principal rector of the National Electoral Council (CNE), has been appointed by Nicolás Maduro as the new Minister of University Education, replacing Tibisay Lucena. Oblitas, a sociologist from the Central University of Venezuela, has no prior experience as a university professor. Maduro praised her academic background and institutional leadership in his announcement.

José Mascimino Márquez, the judge accused of corruption who persecuted opponents of Maduro's Government

18 Mar 2023  |  sge.st
José Mascimino Márquez García, a judge in Caracas known for his role in politically motivated legal actions against opposition leaders, journalists, and civil society members, has been accused of corruption. His notable cases include the detention of opposition figure Freddy Guevara and journalist Ronald Carreño. Márquez García, who previously worked as a waiter, has been implicated in violating due process, such as in the case of the indigenous Pemones and the Operation Gedeón detainees. Recently, he was in the news for allegedly facilitating the release of Oswaldo José Cheremos Carrasquel, a member of the criminal organization Tren del Llano, after receiving instructions from Mario Aquino, an assistant at the Caracas Criminal Judicial Circuit.

José Mascimino Márquez, the judge accused of corruption who persecuted opponents of the Maduro Government

18 Mar 2023  |  runrunes.org
José Mascimino Márquez García, a judge in Caracas, is accused of corruption and political persecution, having ordered the detention of opposition figures, journalists, and military personnel. His actions include the controversial detentions of Ronald Carreño and Freddy Guevara, and the death of Salvador Franco in prison. Márquez García was recently detained for allegedly facilitating the release of a criminal figure, highlighting systemic issues within Venezuela's judicial system.

José Mascimino Márquez, the judge accused of corruption who persecuted opponents of the Maduro government

18 Mar 2023  |  runrun.es
José Mascimino Márquez García, a judge in Caracas, is known for his aggressive actions against political opponents, military personnel, journalists, and civil society members. His career, marked by controversial detentions and judicial irregularities, includes the high-profile cases of Ronald Carreño and Freddy Guevara. Márquez García, who rose to power in 2019, was recently detained for corruption, allegedly favoring the release of a criminal linked to the Tren del Llano organization. His actions have drawn significant criticism and highlight issues within Venezuela's judicial system.

Encovi 2023: In a third of the country, moderate and severe food insecurity persists

13 Mar 2023  |  runrunes.org
The Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (Ucab) presented the 2023 National Survey of Living Conditions (Encovi), revealing that moderate and severe food insecurity persists in a third of Venezuela. Despite economic improvements and the removal of controls, 89% of households still face food insecurity, with many unable to access or afford sufficient nutritious food. The survey, conducted between March and May 2023, covered over 16,000 households across various cities. It highlighted that half of the households do not earn enough to cover basic food needs, placing them in extreme poverty. The study also noted significant concerns about income poverty and its impact on the quality of life.

When the Sun Rose Over the Essequibo, Chávez Looked the Other Way

23 Feb 2023  |  runrun.es
The article discusses the long-standing territorial dispute between Venezuela and Guyana over the Essequibo region, highlighting key events and policy shifts under the leadership of Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro. It details the discovery of significant oil reserves by Exxon Mobil in 2015, which reignited Venezuela's interest in the region. The narrative covers the diplomatic maneuvers, international relations, and the recent escalation under Maduro's government, including plans for a referendum and Guyana's appeal to the International Court of Justice.

Students lost 33% of the school days established by the school calendar

08 Jan 2023  |  runrunes.org
HumVenezuela's annual report on Venezuela's Complex Humanitarian Emergency highlights severe deterioration in the basic education subsystem for children and adolescents aged 0 to 17. The report, published on January 8, 2023, indicates that 18.1% of children in this age group missed over 50 school days, equating to not attending 33% of the days set by the school calendar. Issues such as absenteeism, school dropout, and non-enrollment are increasingly severe due to the educational system's failings, economic poverty, insecurity, and community violence. In 2023, 61.6% of children were at risk of dropping out or were already out of the educational system. The report also notes irregular attendance, lack of transportation, school supplies, and food due to economic difficulties at home, and a significant decline in the condition of school facilities, including shortages of desks, lack of continuous electricity and water supply, and a deficit of teachers and technological resources.

They do not forgive Robert Franco for demanding salary improvements

26 Dec 2022  |  runrunes.org
Robert Franco, a professor and union leader, has been detained for nearly three years without trial, accused of being part of a destabilization plan against the Venezuelan government. His family believes his detention is due to his criticism of state education policies and demands for fair wages. Despite numerous court hearings, no substantial evidence has been presented against him, leading to calls for international intervention. The case highlights significant concerns about human rights and judicial processes in Venezuela.

Barbados agreements do not meet the expectations of primary candidates

20 Dec 2022  |  runrun.es
Several primary candidates, including César Pérez Vivas, Andrés Caleca, Andrés Velásquez, María Corina Machado, and Delsa Solórzano, expressed dissatisfaction with the agreements signed between the Venezuelan government and the opposition in Barbados. They criticized the agreements for not meeting expectations, failing to address human rights issues, and lacking specific actions and timelines. The agreements aimed to promote political and electoral rights and protect national interests, but the opposition candidates remain skeptical about their effectiveness and the government's commitment.

UN Mission Report Denounced Torture and Sexual Violence Against Those Involved in 'Operation Constitution'

15 Dec 2022  |  runrunes.org
The UN Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Venezuela's fourth report denounces the use of torture and sexual violence by Nicolás Maduro's government against those implicated in 'Operation Constitution.' The report highlights systematic sexual violence as a method of extracting information and humiliating detainees, particularly targeting men associated with the armed forces. Notable cases include John Jairo Gasparini Ferbans and Jonathan Rangel, both subjected to severe torture and sexual violence. The report documents numerous human rights violations, including deaths, forced disappearances, arbitrary detentions, and cases of torture and sexual violence from 2020 to 2023.

The ARI Mobile received the visit of writers and editors at the West Caracas Book Fair

02 Dec 2022  |  runrun.es
The ARI Mobile, an initiative by Alianza Rebelde Investiga, participated in the West Caracas Book Fair at the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello. The event featured notable guests such as Antonio López Ortega, Sergio Dahbar, and Manuel Zapata, who praised the ARI Mobile's efforts to provide information and combat censorship. The fair showcased various literary works, including those by Venezuelan authors, and highlighted the cultural significance of the event. The ARI Mobile plans to continue its outreach by visiting universities and organizing informational events.

Courts do not effectively protect victims of gender-based violence from their aggressors

23 Nov 2022  |  runrun.es
The article highlights the findings of an NGO report that criticizes the Venezuelan judicial system for failing to protect victims of gender-based violence. The report, presented by Acceso a la Justicia, reveals a pattern of revictimization and procedural delays in cases of violence against women. It calls for the inclusion of a gender perspective in judicial decisions to ensure equality and non-discrimination. The report also notes that a significant number of femicides occurred in 2022, emphasizing the need for a stronger commitment from the state to address this issue.

Courts do not effectively protect victims of gender-based violence from their aggressors

23 Nov 2022  |  runrunes.org
The article highlights the findings of an NGO report that criticizes Venezuelan courts for failing to protect victims of gender-based violence effectively. The report, presented by Acceso a la Justicia, reveals a pattern of revictimization and procedural delays in cases of violence against women. It calls for the inclusion of a gender perspective in judicial decisions to ensure equality and non-discrimination. The report also notes that a significant number of court decisions are merely procedural and do not provide necessary attention to victims, undermining public confidence in the judicial system.

Assaults against Vinotinto in Peru: fuel denied for plane's return and police assaulted players

21 Nov 2022  |  runrunes.org
Venezuelan football players from the Vinotinto team were assaulted by Peruvian police after a match that ended in a 1-1 draw. The players were attacked while thanking their fans and attempting to give away their shirts. Additionally, the Venezuelan team faced difficulties when their plane was denied fuel for the return trip, an act denounced by Venezuelan Chancellor Yván Gil as vengeful. Xenophobic and misogynistic comments from Peruvian commentators and authorities were also reported, along with identity checks on foreigners by Peruvian Migration officials. Venezuelan politicians condemned the actions and called for FIFA sanctions.

Between Darkness and Heat, the Documentary Memory of the National Library is Lost

01 Oct 2022  |  runrunes.org
The National Library of Venezuela, once a model for other libraries in Latin America, is facing severe deterioration due to lack of maintenance and investment. Key issues include poor lighting, inadequate air conditioning, and insufficient staff. The library's vast collection of historical documents, books, and artifacts is at risk. Researchers like Juan Hernández have found damaged and missing pages, particularly in materials related to human rights and political events. Despite these challenges, some efforts are being made to improve conditions, but the library's future remains uncertain.

Grendy Duque, Always Appointed to Judge Political Prisoners

20 Sep 2022  |  runrunes.org
Grendy Duque Carvajal, a 37-year-old judge with a history of significant roles within Venezuela's Public Ministry since 2012, has been involved in judicial investigations where human rights violations are reported by NGOs. She has recently sentenced union leaders, military personnel, and civilians on political grounds. Lawyers Eduardo Torres and former magistrate Blanca Rosa Mármol have filed a complaint against Duque Carvajal for condemning six Venezuelan unionists to 16 years in prison without evidence. The case has been brought to international bodies such as the UN and the ICC. Duque Carvajal also presided over the so-called Operation Constitution case, resulting in heavy prison sentences for those accused of plotting to suspend the 2018 presidential elections and detain President Nicolás Maduro.

6 keys to understanding the scandal of rage and drink

07 Jun 2022  |  runrun.es
Armando Benedetti and Laura Sarabia, key figures in Gustavo Petro's government, are at the center of a major scandal involving espionage, blackmail, threats, abuse of power, and alleged illicit financing for Petro's presidential campaign. The scandal includes the controversial use of a polygraph on Sarabia's nanny, Marelbys Meza, after $7,000 went missing, leading to accusations of power abuse. Benedetti, dissatisfied with his role as Colombia's ambassador to Venezuela, threatened to expose campaign financing details, further complicating the situation. Both Benedetti and Sarabia were dismissed by Petro to ensure impartial investigations.

Organ Transplant System Has Been Paralyzed for Five Years

01 Jun 2022  |  Runrun
Venezuela's organ transplant system has been halted for five years due to a government decision, initially intended to be temporary. This has resulted in over 1,200 people missing out on transplants since 2018, and 120 transplant recipients dying due to treatment interruptions and lack of timely care. The National Transplant Organization (ONTV) was replaced by the government-created FUNDAVENE, which later suspended the cadaver donor program due to an inability to guarantee immunosuppressant supplies. The situation is described as painful, worrying, and critical, with only the Military Hospital Carlos Arvelo claiming to perform live donor transplants in the public health system. High costs of private transplants and a lack of resources have exacerbated the issue, with many patients, especially children, facing dire conditions and rights violations in hospitals.

With the gaps left by the Official Gazette, June pensions were paid

19 May 2022  |  runrunes.org
The article discusses the inconsistencies between Nicolás Maduro's announcements and the Official Gazette regarding the indexation of bonuses to the Central Bank of Venezuela's rate. Pensioners received their payments, but the amounts are insufficient to cover basic needs. The article highlights the lack of clarity and potential manipulation in the indexation process, leading to dissatisfaction among workers and pensioners. Experts criticize the government's approach, noting that the announced adjustments do not constitute genuine indexation and leave workers and pensioners financially vulnerable.

Maduro's announced bonus discriminates against the majority of retirees and pensioners

06 May 2022  |  Runrun
The Venezuelan government's announcement of a one-time bonus payment for retirees, made by President Nicolás Maduro, has been criticized for being discriminatory as it only includes 120,000 individuals who retired between January 2018 and May 2022, out of five million retirees in the country. The payment, which will be made in three parts from May 1, 2022, to May 1, 2023, requires retirees to use the Carnet de la Patria for collection and may be paid in petros. Luis Cano, coordinator of the Front in Defense of Pensioners and Retirees, condemned the measure as a mockery and disrespectful, emphasizing that the government's actions are inconsistent and fail to meet constitutional obligations for a dignified old age. The situation for retirees is precarious, especially for those abroad who have not received pensions since 2016. The article also highlights the broader issues of inadequate pension amounts, healthcare deficiencies, and the emotional toll on the elderly whose families have emigrated.

The pandemic cut short the preparation of new university students

02 May 2022  |  Runrun
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly disrupted the education of high school graduates in Venezuela, leading to deficiencies in basic mathematical operations and language skills as they transition to university studies. Educational advisor Carlos Cedeño and deans from Universidad Metropolitana and Universidad Católica Andrés Bello discuss the challenges faced by students who graduated during the pandemic and the efforts by universities to provide tools and support for these students. The article highlights the gap between public and private education and the need for improvements in teacher salaries, infrastructure, and public services.

Hate crimes are the hallmark of authoritarian regimes

27 Apr 2022  |  Runrun
Venezuela's Law against Hate, for Peaceful Coexistence and Tolerance, is being used to suppress freedom of expression, with penalties of up to 20 years in prison for any speech deemed to incite hatred, violence, or discrimination. The law has led to the persecution of individuals like 72-year-old TikToker Olga Mata, who was subjected to legal action for a satirical video. Organizations like Espacio Público and Ipys have criticized the law's arbitrary application, which contradicts international standards and the Venezuelan Constitution. Similar laws exist in Cuba and Nicaragua, where they are also used to stifle dissent. The article highlights the increasing censorship in Venezuela, the selective enforcement of the hate crime law, and the chilling effect it has on public discourse.

Yosmary Guerra, victim of the 2018 chaos in Mérida due to food shortages

09 Mar 2022  |  runrunes.org
Yosmary Katherine Guerra Viloria was fatally injured during food riots in Mérida, Venezuela, in January 2018. The severe economic crisis led to widespread food shortages, causing protests and looting. Alba Pacheco, a local food distributor, was accused of hoarding food and inciting violence. The article details the tragic events leading to Guerra's death and the ongoing struggle for justice by her mother, Ninoska Viloria. The Observatorio Venezolano de Conflictividad Social reported numerous protests and looting incidents during this period, reflecting the dire situation in the country.
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