Coverage Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sarajevo-Tuzla-Bihac (Bosnia and Herzegovina) Current Affairs March 10 @ 4:00pm
I'm a freelance journalist based in Barcelona.
During march I will be in Bosnia and Herzegovina to write some reportages -also with video and photos.
-I will go to the Bosnian-Croatian border to see the situation of migrants trapped at EU gates. Specifically, Croatia's returns to other countries are frequent, as are the police abuses and human rights violations reported by several international NGOs. Bosnia and Herzegovina has recently experienced a recent increase in arrivals in one of the few hopes of passage territory for those who wish to enter the EU by land.
-I would also visit the surroundings of the coal-fired thermoelectric plant in Tuzla (Bosnia). It is the second most polluted city in Europe, every year fewer people live there are and many people suffer cancer due to the concentration of suspended particles. While Chinese companies invest there, the EU has already warned that its polluting emissions will make more difficult the path for Bosnia to enter the EU in the future.
-In Bosnia, there is a community of Sephardic Jews who still use the ancient language called Ladino. In 1492 Jews were expulsed from the Iberian Peninsula as a religious minority. This last fact is key to understanding the drift of a people, Sephardic Jews, who had no choice but to flee due to poor coexistence with the different religious groups, which until then had been difficult but good, and that in that year it became completely unsustainable.
Nowadays, the population of Sephardic Jews reaches two million and most of them reside in countries such as Israel, France, the United States, Turkey and Germany, among many others. One of them, perhaps the most curious, is Bosnia. No one would say that in the 21st century and after six centuries of its expulsion, Sephardic Spanish continued to be spoken in the western part of the Balkans.
For some of them, the language saved their lives during World War II, since it helped them to communicate with Italian army officers when they were interned in a concentration camp off the coast of Croatia.
Now, more than 80 years old, the last Ladino speakers in Sarajevo regret that the use of language in the city is likely to end after their death.